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Title Date

Preparing for Clinical Emergencies in Obstetrics and Gynecology

Number 590

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 487, April 2011)

ABSTRACT: Patient care emergencies may occur at any time in any setting, particularly the inpatient setting. It is important that obstetrician–gynecologists prepare themselves by assessing potential emergencies, establishing early warning systems, designating specialized first responders, conducti...

March 2014

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Effective Patient–Physician Communication

Number 587

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 492, May 2011)

ABSTRACT: Physicians’ ability to effectively and compassionately communicate information is key to a successful patient–physician relationship. The current health care environment demands increasing clinical productivity and affords less time with each patient, which can impede effective patient–p...

February 2014

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Health Literacy

Number 585

(Replaces Committee Opinion Number 491, May 2011)

ABSTRACT: According to the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies, health literacy is defined as the degree to which individuals have the capacity to obtain, process, and understand basic health information and services needed to make appropriate health decisions. The American College of ...

February 2014

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Hospital Disaster Preparedness for Obstetricians and Facilities Providing Maternity Care

Number 555

ABSTRACT: Numerous occurrences in the past decade have brought the issue of disaster preparedness, and specifically hospital preparedness, to the national forefront. Much of the work in this area has focused on large hospital system preparedness for various disaster scenarios. Many unique features...

March 2013

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Tracking and Reminder Systems

Number 546

(Replaces No. 461, August 2010)

ABSTRACT: An accurate and effective tracking or reminder system is useful for the modern practice of obstetrics and gynecology. Practices should not rely solely on the patient to complete all ordered studies and to follow up on health care provider recommendations. Health care providers should enc...

December 2012

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Disclosure and Discussion of Adverse Events

Number 520

(Replaces No. 380, October 2007, Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT: Disclosure and discussion of adverse events in health care with the patient are morally and ethically necessary to achieve the optimal goal of respecting patient autonomy. Improving the disclosure process through education, policies, programmatic training, and accessible resources will e...

March 2012

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Fatigue and Patient Safety

Number 519

(Reaffirmed 2013, Replaces No. 398, February 2008)

ABSTRACT: It has long been recognized that fatigue can affect human cognitive and physical function. Although there are limited published data on the effects of fatigue on health care providers, including full-time practicing physicians, there is increasing awareness within the patient safety move...

March 2012

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Communication Strategies for Patient Handoffs

Number 517

(Reaffirmed 2013, Replaces No. 367, June 2007)

ABSTRACT: Handoff communication, which includes up-to-date information regarding patient care, treatment and service, condition, and any recent or anticipated changes, should be interactive to allow for discussion between those who give and receive patient information. It requires a process for ve...

February 2012

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Disruptive Behavior

Number 508

(Reaffirmed 2013, Replaces No. 366, May 2007)

ABSTRACT: Disruptive physician behavior may have a negative effect on patient care. Consequently, it is important that a systematic process be in place to discourage, identify, and remedy episodes of disruptive behavior. Introduction A growing number of organizations recognize that disruptive ...

October 2011

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Partnering With Patients to Improve Safety

Number 490

(Reaffirmed 2013, Replaces No. 320, November 2005)

ABSTRACT: Actively involving patients in the planning of health services is recommended as a means of improving the quality of care. This can increase patient engagement and reduce risk resulting in improved outcomes, satisfaction, and treatment adherence. Introduction The foundation for a posi...

May 2011

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Empathy in Womens Health Care

Number 480

(Reaffirmed 2014)

ABSTRACT: Empathy is the process through which one attempts to project oneself into another's life and imagine a situation from his or her point of view. Most individuals do have an innate capacity to show empathy toward others. Empathy is as important to being a good physician as technical compet...

March 2011

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Patient Safety and the Electronic Health Record

Number 472

ABSTRACT: The electronic health record (EHR) has the potential to improve the quality, safety, and efficiency of patient care when fully implemented, yet adoption of this tool has been slow. The advantages of the EHR include facilitating improved communication between health care providers; assist...

November 2010

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Patient Safety in the Surgical Environment

Number 464

(Reaffirmed 2012, Replaces No. 328, February 2006)

ABSTRACT: Ensuring patient safety in the operating room begins before the patient enters the operative suite and includes attention to all applicable types of preventable medical errors (including, for example, medication errors), but surgical errors are unique to this environment. Steps to preven...

September 2010

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The Obstetric-Gynecologic Hospitalist

Number 459

(Reaffirmed 2012)

ABSTRACT: The work models for the obstetric–gynecologic hospitalist and the obstetric laborist are gaining popularity and momentum in hospitals across the nation. These models could be timely solutions to the challenging demands of the general practice of obstetrics and gynecology. The American Co...

July 2010

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Patient Safety in Obstetrics and Gynecology

Number 447

(Reaffirmed 2012, Replaces No. 286, October 2003)

ABSTRACT: Since publication of the Institute of Medicine's landmark report To Err is Human: Building a Safer Health System, emphasis on patient safety has steadily increased. Obstetrician–gynecologists should continuously incorporate elements of patient safety into their practices and also encoura...

December 2009

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Informed Consent

Number 439

(Reaffirmed 2012)

ABSTRACT: Obtaining informed consent for medical treatment, for participation in medical research, and for participation in teaching exercises involving students and residents is an ethical requirement that is partially reflected in legal doctrines and requirements. As an ethical doctrine, informe...

August 2009

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